Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

In this article for primary teachers, Ems outlines how we can encourage learners to be flexible in their approach to calculation, and why this is crucial.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?