Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
An old game but lots of arithmetic!
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
How will you work out which numbers have been used to create this multiplication square?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?