Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?