Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

How will you work out which numbers have been used to create this multiplication square?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.