This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Are you resilient enough to solve these number problems?

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.