This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?
How will you work out which numbers have been used to create this multiplication square?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
A number game requiring a strategy.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
How would you find out how many football cards Catrina has collected?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.
Are you resilient enough to solve these number problems?
Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.
Alf describes how the Gattegno chart helped a class of 7-9 year olds gain an awareness of place value and of the inverse relationship between multiplication and division.
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
An old game but lots of arithmetic!
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.