Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Can you put these four calculations into order of difficulty? How did you decide?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

How will you work out which numbers have been used to create this multiplication square?

Can you match these calculation methods to their visual representations?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

Are you resilient enough to solve these number problems?

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Related resources supporting pupils' understanding of multiplication and division through playing with numbers.

More resources to support understanding multiplication and division through playing with numbers

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

In this article for primary teachers, Ems outlines how we can encourage learners to be flexible in their approach to calculation, and why this is crucial.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.