In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!