Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?