In this simulation of a balance, you can drag numbers and parts of number sentences on to the trays. Have a play!
There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .
In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
Max and Bryony both have a box of sweets. What do you know about the number of sweets they each have?
What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?
This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.
Can you crack these cryptarithms?
Replace each letter with a digit to make this addition correct.
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?
This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.
By selecting digits for an addition grid, what targets can you make?
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.
The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?
Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you change the position of the jigsaws?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?
You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Play this game to learn about adding and subtracting positive and negative numbers
Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit answer. . . .
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...
Ann thought of 5 numbers and told Bob all the sums that could be made by adding the numbers in pairs. The list of sums is 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10,10, 11, 12. Help Bob to find out which numbers Ann was. . . .
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
Without doing lots of calculations, can you decide which of these number sentences are true? How do you know?
A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?
Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?
What happens when you add a three digit number to its reverse?
Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME
This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.
Try out some calculations. Are you surprised by the results?
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?