Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Follow the directions for circling numbers in the matrix. Add all the circled numbers together. Note your answer. Try again with a different starting number. What do you notice?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Can you go through this maze so that the numbers you pass add to exactly 100?

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Here is a chance to play a fractions version of the classic Countdown Game.

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.