There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This article for primary teachers encourages exploration of two fundamental ideas, exchange and 'unitising', which will help children become more fluent when calculating.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

In this article for primary teachers, Lynne McClure outlines what is meant by fluency in the context of number and explains how our selection of NRICH tasks can help.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...