Resources tagged with: Addition & subtraction

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

Caterpillars

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

Sorting the Numbers

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you change the position of the jigsaws?

Street Sequences

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

Exploring Wild & Wonderful Number Patterns

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.

Here to There 1 2 3

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

Cherries Come in Twos

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Susie took cherries out of a bowl by following a certain pattern. How many cherries had there been in the bowl to start with if she was left with 14 single ones?

Month Mania

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Being Resourceful - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Up and Down

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

Function Machines

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

What's in a Name?

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

What do you notice about these squares of numbers? What is the same? What is different?

Carrying Cards

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Abundant Numbers

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Calendar Calculations

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Robot Monsters

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

The Tomato and the Bean

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

Next Number

Age 7 to 11 Short Challenge Level:

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

A Numbered Route

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

The Deca Tree

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

All Seated

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

1, 2, 3 Magic Square

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Diagonal in a Spiral

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Investigate the totals you get when adding numbers on the diagonal of this pattern in threes.

The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

The Pied Piper of Hamelin

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Sometimes We Lose Things

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Magic Triangle

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Rod Measures

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Marvellous Matrix

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Follow the directions for circling numbers in the matrix. Add all the circled numbers together. Note your answer. Try again with a different starting number. What do you notice?

Starfish Spotting

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

Worms

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Big Dog, Little Dog

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog. Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs. She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap. How many biscuits did each dog get?

Super Value Shapes

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

The 24 Game

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Sept03 Sept03 Sept03

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Doplication

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Calendar Patterns

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

Follow the Numbers

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Magic Constants

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Journeys

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Being Collaborative - Lower Primary Number

Age 5 to 7

Number problems for you to work on with others.

It Was 2010!

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?

Sam's Quick Sum

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?

Sending Cards

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

I'm Eight

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

Number Squares

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

Prompt Cards

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Build it up More

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

How Much Did it Cost?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Penta Post

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Napier's Bones

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?