There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Can you go through this maze so that the numbers you pass add to exactly 100?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?