Resources tagged with: Addition & subtraction

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

Difference

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Pairs of Numbers

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

Routes 1 and 5

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Polo Square

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Homes

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

Making Longer, Making Shorter

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

Making Maths: Be a Mathemagician

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Surprise your friends with this magic square trick.

A Square of Numbers

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Folded Number Line

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

Bean Bags for Bernard's Bag

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Ladybird Box

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

The Add and Take-away Path

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

Build it up More

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Sort Them Out (2)

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Train Carriages

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Sums and Differences 2

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Painting Possibilities

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Sums and Differences 1

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Journeys in Numberland

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Seven Square Numbers

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Which Symbol?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.

Planet Plex Time

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

On Planet Plex, there are only 6 hours in the day. Can you answer these questions about how Arog the Alien spends his day?

On Target

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Five Coins

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Ring a Ring of Numbers

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

Number Differences

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Adding Plus

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

A-magical Number Maze

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

How Do You Do It?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Sort Them Out (1)

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Napier's Bones

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Six Is the Sum

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Code Breaker

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Mrs Beeswax

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Double or Halve?

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

Hubble, Bubble

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Starfish Spotting

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

Big Dog, Little Dog

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog. Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs. She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap. How many biscuits did each dog get?

Up and Down

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

The Amazing Splitting Plant

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

Shut the Box

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

An old game but lots of arithmetic!

Add 3 Dice

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .

Open Squares

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Domino Join Up

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

Can you arrange fifteen dominoes so that all the touching domino pieces add to 6 and the ends join up? Can you make all the joins add to 7?

Making Maths: Double-sided Magic Square

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Rabbits in the Pen

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Pouring the Punch Drink

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Dart Target

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Criss Cross Quiz

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

Pass the Peas, Please

Age 5 to 7 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!