Resources tagged with: Ratio and proportion

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Broad Topics > Fractions, Decimals, Percentages, Ratio and Proportion > Ratio and proportion

Tin Tight

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

What's the most efficient proportion for a 1 litre tin of paint?

Conical Bottle

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A right circular cone is filled with liquid to a depth of half its vertical height. The cone is inverted. How high up the vertical height of the cone will the liquid rise?

Zin Obelisk

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

In the ancient city of Atlantis a solid rectangular object called a Zin was built in honour of the goddess Tina. Your task is to determine on which day of the week the obelisk was completed.

Dilution Series Calculator

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Which dilutions can you make using 10ml pipettes and 100ml measuring cylinders?

How Big?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is the area of the shaded square?

Roasting Old Chestnuts 3

Age 11 to 16

Mainly for teachers. More mathematics of yesteryear.

Tray Bake

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

My recipe is for 12 cakes - how do I change it if I want to make a different number of cakes?

Bus Stop

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Two buses leave at the same time from two towns Shipton and Veston on the same long road, travelling towards each other. At each mile along the road are milestones. The buses' speeds are constant. . . .

Rule of Three

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?

Six Notes All Nice Ratios

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

The Pythagoreans noticed that nice simple ratios of string length made nice sounds together.

Half a Triangle

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Construct a line parallel to one side of a triangle so that the triangle is divided into two equal areas.

Cereal Mix

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A farmer is supplying a mix of seeds, nuts and dried apricots to a manufacturer of crunchy cereal bars. What combination of ingredients costing £5 per kg could he supply?

Ratio or Proportion?

Age 7 to 14

An article for teachers which discusses the differences between ratio and proportion, and invites readers to contribute their own thoughts.

Same Height

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals. Can you work out the area of the trapezium?

Burning Down

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

One night two candles were lit. Can you work out how long each candle was originally?

Ratios and Dilutions

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Scientists often require solutions which are diluted to a particular concentration. In this problem, you can explore the mathematics of simple dilutions

Exact Dilutions

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Which exact dilution ratios can you make using only 2 dilutions?

Golden Thoughts

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

Fractions Rectangle

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The large rectangle is divided into a series of smaller quadrilaterals and triangles. Can you untangle what fractional part is represented by each of the ten numbered shapes?

Pythagoras’ Comma

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Using an understanding that 1:2 and 2:3 were good ratios, start with a length and keep reducing it to 2/3 of itself. Each time that took the length under 1/2 they doubled it to get back within range.

Hello Again

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Anne completes a circuit around a circular track in 40 seconds. Brenda runs in the opposite direction and meets Anne every 15 seconds. How long does it take Brenda to run around the track?

Rati-o

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?

Number Lines in Disguise

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Some of the numbers have fallen off Becky's number line. Can you figure out what they were?

Orbiting Billiard Balls

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Slippage

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A ladder 3m long rests against a wall with one end a short distance from its base. Between the wall and the base of a ladder is a garden storage box 1m tall and 1m high. What is the maximum distance. . . .

Pi, a Very Special Number

Age 7 to 14

Read all about the number pi and the mathematicians who have tried to find out its value as accurately as possible.

Eight Ratios

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Two perpendicular lines lie across each other and the end points are joined to form a quadrilateral. Eight ratios are defined, three are given but five need to be found.

Mixing More Paints

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you find an efficent way to mix paints in any ratio?

Mixing Paints

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Can you work out how to produce different shades of pink paint?

Points in Pairs

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Move the point P to see how P' moves. Then use your insights to calculate a missing length.

Triangle in a Triangle

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you work out the fraction of the original triangle that is covered by the inner triangle?

Mixed up Mixture

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you fill in the mixed up numbers in this dilution calculation?

At a Glance

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

The area of a regular pentagon looks about twice as a big as the pentangle star drawn within it. Is it?

Square Pegs

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Two Ladders

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

A Chance to Win?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Imagine you were given the chance to win some money... and imagine you had nothing to lose...

The Fastest Cyclist

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Andy is desperate to reach John o'Groats first. Can you devise a winning race plan?

Gift of Gems

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Four jewellers share their stock. Can you work out the relative values of their gems?

Trapezium Four

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

From All Corners

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.

One and Three

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Sitting Pretty

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Do Unto Caesar

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

At the beginning of the night three poker players; Alan, Bernie and Craig had money in the ratios 7 : 6 : 5. At the end of the night the ratio was 6 : 5 : 4. One of them won $1 200. What were the. . . .

Around and Back

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A cyclist and a runner start off simultaneously around a race track each going at a constant speed. The cyclist goes all the way around and then catches up with the runner. He then instantly turns. . . .

Rhombus in Rectangle

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Oh for the Mathematics of Yesteryear

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A garrison of 600 men has just enough bread ... but, with the news that the enemy was planning an attack... How many ounces of bread a day must each man in the garrison be allowed, to hold out 45. . . .

Semi-square

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

The Rescaled Map

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

We use statistics to give ourselves an informed view on a subject of interest. This problem explores how to scale countries on a map to represent characteristics other than land area.

Racing Odds

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

In a race the odds are: 2 to 1 against the rhinoceros winning and 3 to 2 against the hippopotamus winning. What are the odds against the elephant winning if the race is fair?

Arrh!

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Triangle ABC is equilateral. D, the midpoint of BC, is the centre of the semi-circle whose radius is R which touches AB and AC, as well as a smaller circle with radius r which also touches AB and AC. . . .