Use simple trigonometry to calculate the distance along the flight path from London to Sydney.
Prove Pythagoras' Theorem for right-angled spherical triangles.
Two places are diametrically opposite each other on the same line of latitude. Compare the distances between them travelling along the line of latitude and travelling over the nearest pole.
Trigonometry, circles and triangles combine in this short challenge.
Can you prove this formula for finding the area of a quadrilateral from its diagonals?
The length AM can be calculated using trigonometry in two different ways. Create this pair of equivalent calculations for different peg boards, notice a general result, and account for it.
The Earth is further from the Sun than Venus, but how much further? Twice as far? Ten times?
The coke machine in college takes 50 pence pieces. It also takes a certain foreign coin of traditional design...
The sine of an angle is equal to the cosine of its complement. Can you explain why and does this rule extend beyond angles of 90 degrees?
A belt of thin wire, length L, binds together two cylindrical welding rods, whose radii are R and r, by passing all the way around them both. Find L in terms of R and r.
A dot starts at the point (1,0) and turns anticlockwise. Can you estimate the height of the dot after it has turned through 45 degrees? Can you calculate its height?
From the measurements and the clue given find the area of the square that is not covered by the triangle and the circle.
This problem in geometry has been solved in no less than EIGHT ways by a pair of students. How would you solve it? How many of their solutions can you follow? How are they the same or different?. . . .
What is the longest stick that can be carried horizontally along a narrow corridor and around a right-angled bend?
If you were to set the X weight to 2 what do you think the angle might be?
How can you represent the curvature of a cylinder on a flat piece of paper?
Draw three equal line segments in a unit circle to divide the circle into four parts of equal area.
Two problems about infinite processes where smaller and smaller steps are taken and you have to discover what happens in the limit.
In this 'mesh' of sine graphs, one of the graphs is the graph of the sine function. Find the equations of the other graphs to reproduce the pattern.
In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem, but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?
What is an AC voltage? How much power does an AC power source supply?
An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?
The first of three articles on the History of Trigonometry. This takes us from the Egyptians to early work on trigonometry in China.
Can you explain what is happening and account for the values being displayed?
Can you deduce the familiar properties of the sine and cosine functions starting from these three different mathematical representations?
How would you design the tiering of seats in a stadium so that all spectators have a good view?
Find the exact values of some trig. ratios from this rectangle in which a cyclic quadrilateral cuts off four right angled triangles.
If a is the radius of the axle, b the radius of each ball-bearing, and c the radius of the hub, why does the number of ball bearings n determine the ratio c/a? Find a formula for c/a in terms of n.
What does Pythagoras' Theorem tell you about these angles: 90°, (45+x)° and (45-x)° in a triangle?
How far should the roof overhang to shade windows from the mid-day sun?
Which is larger cos(sin x) or sin(cos x) ? Does this depend on x ?
Two perpendicular lines lie across each other and the end points are joined to form a quadrilateral. Eight ratios are defined, three are given but five need to be found.
Ten squares form regular rings either with adjacent or opposite vertices touching. Calculate the inner and outer radii of the rings that surround the squares.
Logo helps us to understand gradients of lines and why Muggles Magic is not magic but mathematics. See the problem Muggles magic.
A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .
What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?
On a nine-point pegboard a band is stretched over 4 pegs in a "figure of 8" arrangement. How many different "figure of 8" arrangements can be made ?
Without using a calculator, computer or tables find the exact values of cos36cos72 and also cos36 - cos72.
Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.
One side of a triangle is divided into segments of length a and b by the inscribed circle, with radius r. Prove that the area is: abr(a+b)/ab-r^2
The third of three articles on the History of Trigonometry.
The second of three articles on the History of Trigonometry.
The area of a regular pentagon looks about twice as a big as the pentangle star drawn within it. Is it?
If for any triangle ABC tan(A - B) + tan(B - C) + tan(C - A) = 0 what can you say about the triangle?
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?
Re-arrange the pieces of the puzzle to form a rectangle and then to form an equilateral triangle. Calculate the angles and lengths.
Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?
It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?
Describe how to construct three circles which have areas in the ratio 1:2:3.
Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.