Resources tagged with: Sine, cosine, tangent

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Broad Topics > Pythagoras and Trigonometry > Sine, cosine, tangent

Round and Round

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

Circumnavigation

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The sides of a triangle are 25, 39 and 40 units of length. Find the diameter of the circumscribed circle.

Logosquares

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Ten squares form regular rings either with adjacent or opposite vertices touching. Calculate the inner and outer radii of the rings that surround the squares.

Dodecawhat

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Follow instructions to fold sheets of A4 paper into pentagons and assemble them to form a dodecahedron. Calculate the error in the angle of the not perfectly regular pentagons you make.

Circle Box

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Circle Scaling

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Describe how to construct three circles which have areas in the ratio 1:2:3.

Where Is the Dot?

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A dot starts at the point (1,0) and turns anticlockwise. Can you estimate the height of the dot after it has turned through 45 degrees? Can you calculate its height?

From All Corners

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.

Six Discs

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?

Farhan's Poor Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

From the measurements and the clue given find the area of the square that is not covered by the triangle and the circle.

Spokes

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Draw three equal line segments in a unit circle to divide the circle into four parts of equal area.

Squ-areas

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .

The Dodecahedron

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

What are the shortest distances between the centres of opposite faces of a regular solid dodecahedron on the surface and through the middle of the dodecahedron?

Cosines Rule

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Three points A, B and C lie in this order on a line, and P is any point in the plane. Use the Cosine Rule to prove the following statement.

Inscribed in a Circle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

So Big

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

One side of a triangle is divided into segments of length a and b by the inscribed circle, with radius r. Prove that the area is: abr(a+b)/ab-r^2

At a Glance

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The area of a regular pentagon looks about twice as a big as the pentangle star drawn within it. Is it?

Belt

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

A belt of thin wire, length L, binds together two cylindrical welding rods, whose radii are R and r, by passing all the way around them both. Find L in terms of R and r.

Octa-flower

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Join some regular octahedra, face touching face and one vertex of each meeting at a point. How many octahedra can you fit around this point?

Orbiting Billiard Balls

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Figure of Eight

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

On a nine-point pegboard a band is stretched over 4 pegs in a "figure of 8" arrangement. How many different "figure of 8" arrangements can be made ?

Strange Rectangle 2

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Find the exact values of some trig. ratios from this rectangle in which a cyclic quadrilateral cuts off four right angled triangles.

Gold Again

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Without using a calculator, computer or tables find the exact values of cos36cos72 and also cos36 - cos72.

30-60-90 Polypuzzle

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Re-arrange the pieces of the puzzle to form a rectangle and then to form an equilateral triangle. Calculate the angles and lengths.

Eight Ratios

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two perpendicular lines lie across each other and the end points are joined to form a quadrilateral. Eight ratios are defined, three are given but five need to be found.

Flight Path

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Use simple trigonometry to calculate the distance along the flight path from London to Sydney.

Ball Bearings

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

If a is the radius of the axle, b the radius of each ball-bearing, and c the radius of the hub, why does the number of ball bearings n determine the ratio c/a? Find a formula for c/a in terms of n.

Moving Squares

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

How can you represent the curvature of a cylinder on a flat piece of paper?

The History of Trigonometry- Part 1

Age 11 to 18

The first of three articles on the History of Trigonometry. This takes us from the Egyptians to early work on trigonometry in China.

History of Trigonometry - Part 2

Age 11 to 18

The second of three articles on the History of Trigonometry.

History of Trigonometry - Part 3

Age 11 to 18

The third of three articles on the History of Trigonometry.

Sine and Cosine for Connected Angles

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The length AM can be calculated using trigonometry in two different ways. Create this pair of equivalent calculations for different peg boards, notice a general result, and account for it.

Geometric Trig

Age 16 to 18 Short
Challenge Level

Trigonometry, circles and triangles combine in this short challenge.

Screen Shot

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A moveable screen slides along a mirrored corridor towards a centrally placed light source. A ray of light from that source is directed towards a wall of the corridor, which it strikes at 45 degrees. . . .

Diagonals for Area

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Can you prove this formula for finding the area of a quadrilateral from its diagonals?

Raising the Roof

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

How far should the roof overhang to shade windows from the mid-day sun?

After Thought

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Which is larger cos(sin x) or sin(cos x) ? Does this depend on x ?

Round and Round a Circle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you explain what is happening and account for the values being displayed?

Trig Reps

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Can you deduce the familiar properties of the sine and cosine functions starting from these three different mathematical representations?

Small Steps

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Two problems about infinite processes where smaller and smaller steps are taken and you have to discover what happens in the limit.

Over the Pole

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Two places are diametrically opposite each other on the same line of latitude. Compare the distances between them travelling along the line of latitude and travelling over the nearest pole.

Far Horizon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?

Sine and Cosine

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The sine of an angle is equal to the cosine of its complement. Can you explain why and does this rule extend beyond angles of 90 degrees?

A Scale for the Solar System

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The Earth is further from the Sun than Venus, but how much further? Twice as far? Ten times?

Pythagoras on a Sphere

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem for right-angled spherical triangles.

Why Stop at Three by One

Age 16 to 18

Beautiful mathematics. Two 18 year old students gave eight different proofs of one result then generalised it from the 3 by 1 case to the n by 1 case and proved the general result.

Coke Machine

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The coke machine in college takes 50 pence pieces. It also takes a certain foreign coin of traditional design...

Stadium Sightline

Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

How would you design the tiering of seats in a stadium so that all spectators have a good view?

Three by One

Age 16 to 18
Challenge Level

There are many different methods to solve this geometrical problem - how many can you find?

Muggles, Logo and Gradients

Age 11 to 18

Logo helps us to understand gradients of lines and why Muggles Magic is not magic but mathematics. See the problem Muggles magic.