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Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square, inscribed in an isosceles right angle triangle?

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Can you find a relationship between the area of the crescents and the area of the triangle?

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Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.

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The ten arcs forming the edges of the "holly leaf" are all arcs of circles of radius 1 cm. Find the length of the perimeter of the holly leaf and the area of its surface.

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Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

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Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the overlap?

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Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

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A white cross is placed symmetrically in a red disc with the central square of side length sqrt 2 and the arms of the cross of length 1 unit. What is the area of the disc still showing?

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A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

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A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

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Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

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The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

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Can you minimise the amount of wood needed to build the roof of my garden shed?

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Equal circles can be arranged so that each circle touches four or six others. What percentage of the plane is covered by circles in each packing pattern? ...

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

Challenge Level

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

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Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular hexagons congruent to each other.

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A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?

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Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

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The sides of a triangle are 25, 39 and 40 units of length. Find the diameter of the circumscribed circle.

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What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

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Three circular medallions fit in a rectangular box. Can you find the radius of the largest one?

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It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Liethagoras, Pythagoras' cousin (!), was jealous of Pythagoras and came up with his own theorem. Read this article to find out why other mathematicians laughed at him.

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It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

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A ladder 3m long rests against a wall with one end a short distance from its base. Between the wall and the base of a ladder is a garden storage box 1m tall and 1m high. What is the maximum distance. . . .

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Describe how to construct three circles which have areas in the ratio 1:2:3.

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Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

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A fire-fighter needs to fill a bucket of water from the river and take it to a fire. What is the best point on the river bank for the fire-fighter to fill the bucket ?.

A description of some experiments in which you can make discoveries about triangles.

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If the altitude of an isosceles triangle is 8 units and the perimeter of the triangle is 32 units.... What is the area of the triangle?

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Find the ratio of the outer shaded area to the inner area for a six pointed star and an eight pointed star.

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Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

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What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

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What remainders do you get when square numbers are divided by 4?

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A ribbon is nailed down with a small amount of slack. What is the largest cube that can pass under the ribbon ?

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Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

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If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

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ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP : PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED. What is the area of the triangle PQR?

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If a ball is rolled into the corner of a room how far is its centre from the corner?

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A right-angled isosceles triangle is rotated about the centre point of a square. What can you say about the area of the part of the square covered by the triangle as it rotates?

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Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which can be rearranged into another square.

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ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

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A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

This article for pupils and teachers looks at a number that even the great mathematician, Pythagoras, found terrifying.

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Is the sum of the squares of two opposite sloping edges of a rectangular based pyramid equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sloping edges?

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Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .

Read all about Pythagoras' mathematical discoveries in this article written for students.

Challenge Level

Find the sides of an equilateral triangle ABC where a trapezium BCPQ is drawn with BP=CQ=2 , PQ=1 and AP+AQ=sqrt7 . Note: there are 2 possible interpretations.