Resources tagged with: Pythagoras' theorem

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Broad Topics > Pythagoras and Trigonometry > Pythagoras' theorem

Get Cross

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A white cross is placed symmetrically in a red disc with the central square of side length sqrt 2 and the arms of the cross of length 1 unit. What is the area of the disc still showing?

Compare Areas

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square, inscribed in an isosceles right angle triangle?

Round and Round

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

Square Pegs

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Three Four Five

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Two Circles

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the overlap?

Circle Packing

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Equal circles can be arranged so that each circle touches four or six others. What percentage of the plane is covered by circles in each packing pattern? ...

Crescents and Triangles

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you find a relationship between the area of the crescents and the area of the triangle?

Some(?) of the Parts

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

The Pillar of Chios

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

A Chordingly

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.

Fitting In

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

Garden Shed

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you minimise the amount of wood needed to build the roof of my garden shed?

Pythagorean Triples I

Age 11 to 16

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

Zig Zag

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

Pythagorean Triples II

Age 11 to 16

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Semi-square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Floored

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?

Hex

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular hexagons congruent to each other.

Liethagoras' Theorem

Age 7 to 14

Liethagoras, Pythagoras' cousin (!), was jealous of Pythagoras and came up with his own theorem. Read this article to find out why other mathematicians laughed at him.

Semi-detached

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Partly Circles

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Circumnavigation

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The sides of a triangle are 25, 39 and 40 units of length. Find the diameter of the circumscribed circle.

The Fire-fighter's Car Keys

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A fire-fighter needs to fill a bucket of water from the river and take it to a fire. What is the best point on the river bank for the fire-fighter to fill the bucket ?.

Medallions

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Three circular medallions fit in a rectangular box. Can you find the radius of the largest one?

Circle Box

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Holly

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The ten arcs forming the edges of the "holly leaf" are all arcs of circles of radius 1 cm. Find the length of the perimeter of the holly leaf and the area of its surface.

Slippage

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A ladder 3m long rests against a wall with one end a short distance from its base. Between the wall and the base of a ladder is a garden storage box 1m tall and 1m high. What is the maximum distance. . . .

Rhombus in Rectangle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Where to Land

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

Circle Scaling

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Describe how to construct three circles which have areas in the ratio 1:2:3.

Squareo'scope Determines the Kind of Triangle

Age 11 to 14

A description of some experiments in which you can make discoveries about triangles.

Are You Kidding

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If the altitude of an isosceles triangle is 8 units and the perimeter of the triangle is 32 units.... What is the area of the triangle?

Star Gazing

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Find the ratio of the outer shaded area to the inner area for a six pointed star and an eight pointed star.

Babylon Numbers

Age 11 to 18
Challenge Level

Can you make a hypothesis to explain these ancient numbers?

Grid Lockout

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What remainders do you get when square numbers are divided by 4?

Under the Ribbon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A ribbon is nailed down with a small amount of slack. What is the largest cube that can pass under the ribbon ?

Rectangular Pyramids

Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

Is the sum of the squares of two opposite sloping edges of a rectangular based pyramid equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sloping edges?

The Medieval Octagon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

Ball Packing

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If a ball is rolled into the corner of a room how far is its centre from the corner?

Equilateral Areas

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

Trice

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP : PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED. What is the area of the triangle PQR?

Weighty Problem

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The diagram shows a very heavy kitchen cabinet. It cannot be lifted but it can be pivoted around a corner. The task is to move it, without sliding, in a series of turns about the corners so that it. . . .

Napkin

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

Xtra

Age 14 to 18
Challenge Level

Find the sides of an equilateral triangle ABC where a trapezium BCPQ is drawn with BP=CQ=2 , PQ=1 and AP+AQ=sqrt7 . Note: there are 2 possible interpretations.

Nicely Similar

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

In a Spin

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the volume of the solid formed by rotating this right angled triangle about the hypotenuse?

Corridors

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A 10x10x10 cube is made from 27 2x2 cubes with corridors between them. Find the shortest route from one corner to the opposite corner.

Take a Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which can be rearranged into another square.

All Tied Up

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A ribbon runs around a box so that it makes a complete loop with two parallel pieces of ribbon on the top. How long will the ribbon be?