Resources tagged with: Pythagoras' theorem

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Broad Topics > Pythagoras and Trigonometry > Pythagoras' theorem

Corridors

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A 10x10x10 cube is made from 27 2x2 cubes with corridors between them. Find the shortest route from one corner to the opposite corner.

Weighty Problem

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The diagram shows a very heavy kitchen cabinet. It cannot be lifted but it can be pivoted around a corner. The task is to move it, without sliding, in a series of turns about the corners so that it. . . .

Tilting Triangles

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A right-angled isosceles triangle is rotated about the centre point of a square. What can you say about the area of the part of the square covered by the triangle as it rotates?

The Old Goats

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A rectangular field has two posts with a ring on top of each post. There are two quarrelsome goats and plenty of ropes which you can tie to their collars. How can you secure them so they can't. . . .

All Tied Up

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A ribbon runs around a box so that it makes a complete loop with two parallel pieces of ribbon on the top. How long will the ribbon be?

Squaring the Circle and Circling the Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

Trice

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

ABCDEFGH is a 3 by 3 by 3 cube. Point P is 1/3 along AB (that is AP : PB = 1 : 2), point Q is 1/3 along GH and point R is 1/3 along ED. What is the area of the triangle PQR?

The Spider and the Fly

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

Tilted Squares

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Equilateral Areas

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

Cutting a Cube

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A half-cube is cut into two pieces by a plane through the long diagonal and at right angles to it. Can you draw a net of these pieces? Are they identical?

Pythagoras Proofs

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you make sense of these three proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem?

Matter of Scale

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Prove Pythagoras' Theorem using enlargements and scale factors.

Pareq Calc

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Triangle ABC is an equilateral triangle with three parallel lines going through the vertices. Calculate the length of the sides of the triangle if the perpendicular distances between the parallel. . . .

The Medieval Octagon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

Zig Zag

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Four identical right angled triangles are drawn on the sides of a square. Two face out, two face in. Why do the four vertices marked with dots lie on one line?

Star Gazing

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Find the ratio of the outer shaded area to the inner area for a six pointed star and an eight pointed star.

Circle Box

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

It is obvious that we can fit four circles of diameter 1 unit in a square of side 2 without overlapping. What is the smallest square into which we can fit 3 circles of diameter 1 unit?

Semi-square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

In a Spin

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What is the volume of the solid formed by rotating this right angled triangle about the hypotenuse?

Three Cubes

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you work out the dimensions of the three cubes?

Ladder and Cube

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

Take a Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which can be rearranged into another square.

Generating Triples

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Sets of integers like 3, 4, 5 are called Pythagorean Triples, because they could be the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Can you find any more?

Where Is the Dot?

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A dot starts at the point (1,0) and turns anticlockwise. Can you estimate the height of the dot after it has turned through 45 degrees? Can you calculate its height?

Fitting In

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

Under the Ribbon

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A ribbon is nailed down with a small amount of slack. What is the largest cube that can pass under the ribbon ?

Rhombus in Rectangle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Pythagoras

Age 7 to 14

Pythagoras of Samos was a Greek philosopher who lived from about 580 BC to about 500 BC. Find out about the important developments he made in mathematics, astronomy, and the theory of music.

All Is Number

Age 7 to 14

Read all about Pythagoras' mathematical discoveries in this article written for students.

The Fire-fighter's Car Keys

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A fire-fighter needs to fill a bucket of water from the river and take it to a fire. What is the best point on the river bank for the fire-fighter to fill the bucket ?.

Grid Lockout

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

What remainders do you get when square numbers are divided by 4?

Kite in a Square

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Can you make sense of the three methods to work out the area of the kite in the square?

Isosceles

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

Semi-detached

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

A Chordingly

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.

Picturing Pythagorean Triples

Age 14 to 18

This article discusses how every Pythagorean triple (a, b, c) can be illustrated by a square and an L shape within another square. You are invited to find some triples for yourself.

Pythagorean Triples II

Age 11 to 16

This is the second article on right-angled triangles whose edge lengths are whole numbers.

Pythagorean Triples I

Age 11 to 16

The first of two articles on Pythagorean Triples which asks how many right angled triangles can you find with the lengths of each side exactly a whole number measurement. Try it!

Nicely Similar

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

The Pillar of Chios

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

Three Four Five

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Liethagoras' Theorem

Age 7 to 14

Liethagoras, Pythagoras' cousin (!), was jealous of Pythagoras and came up with his own theorem. Read this article to find out why other mathematicians laughed at him.

Inscribed in a Circle

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Ball Packing

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

If a ball is rolled into the corner of a room how far is its centre from the corner?

Some(?) of the Parts

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

Medallions

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Three circular medallions fit in a rectangular box. Can you find the radius of the largest one?

Slippage

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

A ladder 3m long rests against a wall with one end a short distance from its base. Between the wall and the base of a ladder is a garden storage box 1m tall and 1m high. What is the maximum distance. . . .

Where to Land

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

Circle Scaling

Age 14 to 16
Challenge Level

Describe how to construct three circles which have areas in the ratio 1:2:3.