Resources tagged with: Regular polygons and circles

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Broad Topics > Angles, Polygons, and Geometrical Proof > Regular polygons and circles

Tricircle

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

The centre of the larger circle is at the midpoint of one side of an equilateral triangle and the circle touches the other two sides of the triangle. A smaller circle touches the larger circle and. . . .

Arclets Explained

Age 11 to 16

This article gives an wonderful insight into students working on the Arclets problem that first appeared in the Sept 2002 edition of the NRICH website.

Lighting up Time

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

A very mathematical light - what can you see?

Floored

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A floor is covered by a tessellation of equilateral triangles, each having three equal arcs inside it. What proportion of the area of the tessellation is shaded?

Pegboard Quads

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Make five different quadrilaterals on a nine-point pegboard, without using the centre peg. Work out the angles in each quadrilateral you make. Now, what other relationships you can see?

Shogi Shapes

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Shogi tiles can form interesting shapes and patterns... I wonder whether they fit together to make a ring?

Not So Little X

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Two circles are enclosed by a rectangle 12 units by x units. The distance between the centres of the two circles is x/3 units. How big is x?

Square Pegs

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Squaring the Circle

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .

Circle Packing

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Equal circles can be arranged so that each circle touches four or six others. What percentage of the plane is covered by circles in each packing pattern? ...

Crescents and Triangles

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you find a relationship between the area of the crescents and the area of the triangle?

Quadarc

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Given a square ABCD of sides 10 cm, and using the corners as centres, construct four quadrants with radius 10 cm each inside the square. The four arcs intersect at P, Q, R and S. Find the. . . .

Circumnavigation

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

The sides of a triangle are 25, 39 and 40 units of length. Find the diameter of the circumscribed circle.

Fitting In

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

Bicentric Quadrilaterals

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn with a circle just touching each side and another circle just touching each vertex.

Get Cross

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A white cross is placed symmetrically in a red disc with the central square of side length sqrt 2 and the arms of the cross of length 1 unit. What is the area of the disc still showing?

Dodecawhat

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Follow instructions to fold sheets of A4 paper into pentagons and assemble them to form a dodecahedron. Calculate the error in the angle of the not perfectly regular pentagons you make.

Hex

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Explain how the thirteen pieces making up the regular hexagon shown in the diagram can be re-assembled to form three smaller regular hexagons congruent to each other.

Circles, Circles Everywhere

Age 7 to 14

This article for pupils gives some examples of how circles have featured in people's lives for centuries.

Circumspection

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

M is any point on the line AB. Squares of side length AM and MB are constructed and their circumcircles intersect at P (and M). Prove that the lines AD and BE produced pass through P.

Holly

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

The ten arcs forming the edges of the "holly leaf" are all arcs of circles of radius 1 cm. Find the length of the perimeter of the holly leaf and the area of its surface.

Gibraltar Geometry

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Take a look at the photos of tiles at a school in Gibraltar. What questions can you ask about them?

Tessellation Interactivity

Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

An environment that enables you to investigate tessellations of regular polygons

The Pillar of Chios

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to the area of the rectangle.

Some(?) of the Parts

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

Semi-detached

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Coins on a Plate

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Points A, B and C are the centres of three circles, each one of which touches the other two. Prove that the perimeter of the triangle ABC is equal to the diameter of the largest circle.

Three Four Five

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

Partly Circles

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Salinon

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

LOGO Challenge - Circles as Animals

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.

The Medieval Octagon

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Medieval stonemasons used a method to construct octagons using ruler and compasses... Is the octagon regular? Proof please.

Semi-square

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Like a Circle in a Spiral

Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

A cheap and simple toy with lots of mathematics. Can you interpret the images that are produced? Can you predict the pattern that will be produced using different wheels?

Using Geogebra

Age 11 to 18

Never used GeoGebra before? This article for complete beginners will help you to get started with this free dynamic geometry software.

Efficient Packing

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

How efficiently can you pack together disks?

A Chordingly

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Find the area of the annulus in terms of the length of the chord which is tangent to the inner circle.

LOGO Challenge 1 - Star Square

Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you use LOGO to create this star pattern made from squares. Only basic LOGO knowledge needed.

Curvy Areas

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Encircling

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

An equilateral triangle is sitting on top of a square. What is the radius of the circle that circumscribes this shape?

Bull's Eye

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?

LOGO Challenge 11 - More on Circles

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Thinking of circles as polygons with an infinite number of sides - but how does this help us with our understanding of the circumference of circle as pi x d? This challenge investigates. . . .

LOGO Challenge 6 - Triangles and Stars

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Recreating the designs in this challenge requires you to break a problem down into manageable chunks and use the relationships between triangles and hexagons. An exercise in detail and elegance.

LOGO Challenge 9 - Overlapping Polygons

Age 7 to 16 Challenge Level:

This LOGO challenge starts by looking at 10-sided polygons then generalises the findings to any polygon, putting particular emphasis on external angles

Star Gazing

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Find the ratio of the outer shaded area to the inner area for a six pointed star and an eight pointed star.

Pent

Age 14 to 18 Challenge Level:

The diagram shows a regular pentagon with sides of unit length. Find all the angles in the diagram. Prove that the quadrilateral shown in red is a rhombus.

Cube Paths

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Given a 2 by 2 by 2 skeletal cube with one route `down' the cube. How many routes are there from A to B?

Two Regular Polygons

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Two polygons fit together so that the exterior angle at each end of their shared side is 81 degrees. If both shapes now have to be regular could the angle still be 81 degrees?

Pi, a Very Special Number

Age 7 to 14

Read all about the number pi and the mathematicians who have tried to find out its value as accurately as possible.

LOGO Challenge - Following On

Age 11 to 18 Challenge Level:

Remember that you want someone following behind you to see where you went. Can yo work out how these patterns were created and recreate them?