Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .
What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a coincidence?
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?
Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?
I'm thinking of a number. My number is both a multiple of 5 and a multiple of 6. What could my number be?
Lyndon chose this as one of his favourite problems. It is accessible but needs some careful analysis of what is included and what is not. A systematic approach is really helpful.
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?
Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.
6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?
I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...
Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?
How many noughts are at the end of these giant numbers?
Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?
Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?
Can you make lines of Cuisenaire rods that differ by 1?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?
Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.
Using the digits 1 to 9, the number 4396 can be written as the product of two numbers. Can you find the factors?
Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.
Can you work out how many lengths I swim each day?
The flow chart requires two numbers, M and N. Select several values for M and try to establish what the flow chart does.
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up or down?
Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.
Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.
Ben, Jack and Emma passed counters to each other and ended with the same number of counters. How many did they start with?