Resources tagged with: Factors and multiples

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Broad Topics > Properties of Numbers > Factors and multiples

Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

The Remainders Game

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.

Multiples Sudoku

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

American Billions

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

LCM Sudoku

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

A First Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Just Repeat

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a coincidence?

Can You Find a Perfect Number?

Age 7 to 14

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Factorial

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

Sieve of Eratosthenes

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Funny Factorisation

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Using the digits 1 to 9, the number 4396 can be written as the product of two numbers. Can you find the factors?

How Old Are the Children?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Times Right

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Star Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Remainders

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

I'm thinking of a number. My number is both a multiple of 5 and a multiple of 6. What could my number be?

Expenses

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Ben's Game

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Ben, Jack and Emma passed counters to each other and ended with the same number of counters. How many did they start with?

Powerful Factorial

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Factoring Factorials

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Oh! Hidden Inside?

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Big Powers

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Statement Snap

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

You'll need to know your number properties to win a game of Statement Snap...

Different by One

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you make lines of Cuisenaire rods that differ by 1?

Eminit

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Thirty Six Exactly

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The number 12 = 2^2 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Missing Multipliers

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Adding All Nine

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Diagonal Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Fac-finding

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Lyndon chose this as one of his favourite problems. It is accessible but needs some careful analysis of what is included and what is not. A systematic approach is really helpful.

Mod 3

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

Counting Factors

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

AB Search

Age 11 to 14 Short Challenge Level:

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Shopping Basket

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

The items in the shopping basket add and multiply to give the same amount. What could their prices be?

Three Times Seven

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

What a Joke

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Flow Chart

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The flow chart requires two numbers, M and N. Select several values for M and try to establish what the flow chart does.

Data Chunks

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

Inclusion Exclusion

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Divisibility Tests

Age 11 to 16

This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.

Two Much

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

Repeaters

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Number Families

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

How many different number families can you find?

Dozens

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Digat

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

Gaxinta

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

Remainder

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Transposition Cipher

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

One to Eight

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

Squaresearch

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

Factoring a Million

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?