Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.
Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.
Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?
One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?
Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Complete the magic square using the numbers 1 to 25 once each. Each row, column and diagonal adds up to 65.
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful representation for many number concepts.
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?
Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?
Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a coincidence?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?
How will you complete these Venn diagrams?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?
In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?