Resources tagged with: Factors and multiples

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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Factors and multiples

Which Numbers? (2)

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Which Numbers? (1)

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Table Patterns Go Wild!

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

What Two ...?

Age 7 to 11 Short Challenge Level:

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

In the Money

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?

What Do You Need?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

What's in the Box?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

X Marks the Spot

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

What Is Ziffle?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?

Path to the Stars

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Flashing Lights

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Three Neighbours

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Down to Nothing

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

A First Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Tom's Number

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Factor Lines

Age 7 to 14 Challenge Level:

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Red Balloons, Blue Balloons

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Divide it Out

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Diagonal Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Sieve of Eratosthenes

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Which Is Quicker?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Ducking and Dividing

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

Crossings

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Three Spinners

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Give Me Four Clues

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Repeaters

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Being Resilient - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Multiplication Series: Number Arrays

Age 5 to 11

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful representation for many number concepts.

Times Tables Shifts

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

Money Measure

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Venn Diagrams

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

How will you complete these Venn diagrams?

Multiplication Square Jigsaw

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Star Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Big Powers

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Shopping Basket

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

The items in the shopping basket add and multiply to give the same amount. What could their prices be?

Scoring with Dice

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Being Collaborative - Primary Number

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Curious Number

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Factor-multiple Chains

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Ip Dip

Age 5 to 11 Challenge Level:

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Can You Find a Perfect Number?

Age 7 to 14

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16 Challenge Level:

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Odds and Threes

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Three Dice

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Light the Lights Again

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Each light in this interactivity turns on according to a rule. What happens when you enter different numbers? Can you find the smallest number that lights up all four lights?

American Billions

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Gran, How Old Are You?

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Stars

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Surprising Split

Age 7 to 11 Challenge Level:

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Eminit

Age 11 to 14 Challenge Level:

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?