Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?
One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?
The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?
The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
Can you work out how many lengths I swim each day?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?
The items in the shopping basket add and multiply to give the same amount. What could their prices be?
Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful representation for many number concepts.
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?
How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.
A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?
Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
How will you complete these Venn diagrams?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?
Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
How many different rectangles can you make using this set of rods?