Resources tagged with: Factors and multiples

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Broad Topics > Properties of Numbers > Factors and multiples

Repeaters

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Hot Pursuit

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

Summing Consecutive Numbers

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Counting Factors

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Times Right

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Just Repeat

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Think of any three-digit number. Repeat the digits. The 6-digit number that you end up with is divisible by 91. Is this a coincidence?

Big Powers

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Three Times Seven

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Even So

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Adding in Rows

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Funny Factorisation

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Using the digits 1 to 9, the number 4396 can be written as the product of two numbers. Can you find the factors?

Special Sums and Products

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Adding All Nine

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

What Numbers Can We Make Now?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Have You Got It?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Got it for Two

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Gabriel's Problem

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Can You Find a Perfect Number?

Age 7 to 14

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Inclusion Exclusion

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Thirty Six Exactly

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Eminit

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

American Billions

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Multiples Sudoku

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Factoring Factorials

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

A First Product Sudoku

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Always, Sometimes or Never? Number

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

AB Search

Age 11 to 14 Short
Challenge Level

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Satisfying Statements

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?

Diagonal Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Mystery Matrix

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Got It

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Multiplication Series: Number Arrays

Age 5 to 11

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful representation for many number concepts.

Factor Track

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Multiply Multiples 3

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Missing Multipliers

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Number Families

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

How many different number families can you find?

Multiply Multiples 1

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

What Numbers Can We Make?

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Three Dice

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Multiply Multiples 2

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Exploring Simple Mappings

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

Crossings

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Counting Cogs

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Surprising Split

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

The Moons of Vuvv

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

The Remainders Game

Age 7 to 14
Challenge Level

Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.

Making Pathways

Age 7 to 11
Challenge Level

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Star Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Product Sudoku

Age 11 to 16
Challenge Level

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Alison's Quilt

Age 11 to 14
Challenge Level

Nine squares are fitted together to form a rectangle. Can you find its dimensions?