56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful representation for many number concepts.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Complete the magic square using the numbers 1 to 25 once each. Each row, column and diagonal adds up to 65.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?