Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful representation for many number concepts.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.