On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?

How will you work out which numbers have been used to create this multiplication square?

One quarter of these coins are heads but when I turn over two coins, one third are heads. How many coins are there?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Pat counts her sweets in different groups and both times she has some left over. How many sweets could she have had?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

You can make a calculator count for you by any number you choose. You can count by ones to reach 24. You can count by twos to reach 24. What else can you count by to reach 24?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

If there is a ring of six chairs and thirty children must either sit on a chair or stand behind one, how many children will be behind each chair?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Look at the squares in this problem. What does the next square look like? I draw a square with 81 little squares inside it. How long and how wide is my square?

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Use cubes to continue making the numbers from 7 to 20. Are they sticks, rectangles or squares?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Yasmin and Zach have some bears to share. Which numbers of bears can they share so that there are none left over?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful representation for many number concepts.

Mr Gilderdale is playing a game with his class. What rule might he have chosen? How would you test your idea?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Can you sort numbers into sets? Can you give each set a name?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?