I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

Mr Smith and Mr Jones are two maths teachers. By asking questions, the answers to which may be right or wrong, Mr Jones is able to find the number of the house Mr Smith lives in... Or not!

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Bellringers have a special way to write down the patterns they ring. Learn about these patterns and draw some of your own.

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Replace the letters with numbers to make the addition work out correctly. R E A D + T H I S = P A G E

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Time for a little mathemagic! Choose any five cards from a pack and show four of them to your partner. How can they work out the fifth?

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

Whenever a monkey has peaches, he always keeps a fraction of them each day, gives the rest away, and then eats one. How long could he make his peaches last for?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

It is possible to identify a particular card out of a pack of 15 with the use of some mathematical reasoning. What is this reasoning and can it be applied to other numbers of cards?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?