Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

Have a go at this game which has been inspired by the Big Internet Math-Off 2019. Can you gain more columns of lily pads than your opponent?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Label the joints and legs of these graph theory caterpillars so that the vertex sums are all equal.

Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Mr Smith and Mr Jones are two maths teachers. By asking questions, the answers to which may be right or wrong, Mr Jones is able to find the number of the house Mr Smith lives in... Or not!

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

60 pieces and a challenge. What can you make and how many of the pieces can you use creating skeleton polyhedra?

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top, put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you predict the last card?

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.