The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

A pair of Sudokus with lots in common. In fact they are the same problem but rearranged. Can you find how they relate to solve them both?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Special clue numbers related to the difference between numbers in two adjacent cells and values of the stars in the "constellation" make this a doubly interesting problem.

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

Replace the letters with numbers to make the addition work out correctly. R E A D + T H I S = P A G E

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

This sudoku requires you to have "double vision" - two Sudoku's for the price of one

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top, put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you predict the last card?

A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.