The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

You need to find the values of the stars before you can apply normal Sudoku rules.

This task encourages you to investigate the number of edging pieces and panes in different sized windows.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

A Sudoku based on clues that give the differences between adjacent cells.

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

Replace the letters with numbers to make the addition work out correctly. R E A D + T H I S = P A G E

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

Can you find a cuboid that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

By selecting digits for an addition grid, what targets can you make?

Have a go at this game which has been inspired by the Big Internet Math-Off 2019. Can you gain more columns of lily pads than your opponent?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Investigate the different ways that fifteen schools could have given money in a charity fundraiser.

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.