The challenge is to find the values of the variables if you are to solve this Sudoku.

Advent Calendar 2011 - a mathematical activity for each day during the run-up to Christmas.

Try to solve this very difficult problem and then study our two suggested solutions. How would you use your knowledge to try to solve variants on the original problem?

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

You have twelve weights, one of which is different from the rest. Using just 3 weighings, can you identify which weight is the odd one out, and whether it is heavier or lighter than the rest?

Solve the equations to identify the clue numbers in this Sudoku problem.

Find all the ways of placing the numbers 1 to 9 on a W shape, with 3 numbers on each leg, so that each set of 3 numbers has the same total.

Four numbers on an intersection that need to be placed in the surrounding cells. That is all you need to know to solve this sudoku.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

The puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers which are either placed on the border lines between selected pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid or placed after slash marks on. . . .

A Latin square of order n is an array of n symbols in which each symbol occurs exactly once in each row and exactly once in each column.

Mr Smith and Mr Jones are two maths teachers. By asking questions, the answers to which may be right or wrong, Mr Jones is able to find the number of the house Mr Smith lives in... Or not!

This pair of linked Sudokus matches letters with numbers and hides a seasonal greeting. Can you find it?

A pair of Sudoku puzzles that together lead to a complete solution.

15 = 7 + 8 and 10 = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers?

Use the differences to find the solution to this Sudoku.

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Four small numbers give the clue to the contents of the four surrounding cells.

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

A Sudoku that uses transformations as supporting clues.

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

It is possible to identify a particular card out of a pack of 15 with the use of some mathematical reasoning. What is this reasoning and can it be applied to other numbers of cards?

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

In this Sudoku, there are three coloured "islands" in the 9x9 grid. Within each "island" EVERY group of nine cells that form a 3x3 square must contain the numbers 1 through 9.

Two sudokus in one. Challenge yourself to make the necessary connections.

Each of the main diagonals of this sudoku must contain the numbers 1 to 9 and each rectangle width the numbers 1 to 4.

Use the clues about the shaded areas to help solve this sudoku

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you arrange the numbers 1 to 17 in a row so that each adjacent pair adds up to a square number?

Take three whole numbers. The differences between them give you three new numbers. Find the differences between the new numbers and keep repeating this. What happens?

Can you use your powers of logic and deduction to work out the missing information in these sporty situations?

Have a go at this game which has been inspired by the Big Internet Math-Off 2019. Can you gain more columns of lily pads than your opponent?

This second Sudoku article discusses "Corresponding Sudokus" which are pairs of Sudokus with terms that can be matched using a substitution rule.

I added together some of my neighbours' house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

This Sudoku requires you to do some working backwards before working forwards.

Can you put the 25 coloured tiles into the 5 x 5 square so that no column, no row and no diagonal line have tiles of the same colour in them?

You have been given nine weights, one of which is slightly heavier than the rest. Can you work out which weight is heavier in just two weighings of the balance?

Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

A particular technique for solving Sudoku puzzles, known as "naked pair", is explained in this easy-to-read article.