Time for a little mathemagic! Choose any five cards from a pack and show four of them to your partner. How can they work out the fifth?
Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?
If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?
Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.
A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?
Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?
You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?
What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?
Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.
This article for primary teachers suggests ways in which to help children become better at working systematically.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?
In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?
Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
How many possible necklaces can you find? And how do you know you've found them all?
Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?
Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?
Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.
What is the smallest number of coins needed to make up 12 dollars and 83 cents?
Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.
The items in the shopping basket add and multiply to give the same amount. What could their prices be?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.
Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.