Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?

How many trapeziums, of various sizes, are hidden in this picture?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

Rather than using the numbers 1-9, this sudoku uses the nine different letters used to make the words "Advent Calendar".

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?