Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

How many trapeziums, of various sizes, are hidden in this picture?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

Are all the possible combinations of two shapes included in this set of 27 cards? How do you know?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

This is a variation of sudoku which contains a set of special clue-numbers. Each set of 4 small digits stands for the numbers in the four cells of the grid adjacent to this set.

An extra constraint means this Sudoku requires you to think in diagonals as well as horizontal and vertical lines and boxes of nine.

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

A game for 2 people. Take turns placing a counter on the star. You win when you have completed a line of 3 in your colour.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Remember that you want someone following behind you to see where you went. Can yo work out how these patterns were created and recreate them?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

A few extra challenges set by some young NRICH members.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Is it possible to place 2 counters on the 3 by 3 grid so that there is an even number of counters in every row and every column? How about if you have 3 counters or 4 counters or....?