What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days as possible, how many days can their fun last?