There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

What is the smallest number of coins needed to make up 12 dollars and 83 cents?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

This article for primary teachers suggests ways in which to help children become better at working systematically.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

My dice has inky marks on each face. Can you find the route it has taken? What does each face look like?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.