Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?
What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?
Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?
10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?
An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?
How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.
Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.
Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.
If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days as possible, how many days can their fun last?
Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?
Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?
Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?
The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?
Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.
A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?
Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.
A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?
How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?
Find all the different shapes that can be made by joining five equilateral triangles edge to edge.
This article for primary teachers suggests ways in which to help children become better at working systematically.
Can you find a cuboid that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?
Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?
Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.
Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?
Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .
Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.
Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.
Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?
How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.
Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?
How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?
Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.
The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?
Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?
How can you put five cereal packets together to make different shapes if you must put them face-to-face?
What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?
What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?
Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.
Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?
A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?