This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Tim's class collected data about all their pets. Can you put the animal names under each column in the block graph using the information?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

What is the smallest number of coins needed to make up 12 dollars and 83 cents?