The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Make a pair of cubes that can be moved to show all the days of the month from the 1st to the 31st.

If these elves wear a different outfit every day for as many days as possible, how many days can their fun last?

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

The Vikings communicated in writing by making simple scratches on wood or stones called runes. Can you work out how their code works using the table of the alphabet?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers? Many opportunities to work in different ways.

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Place eight queens on an chessboard (an 8 by 8 grid) so that none can capture any of the others.

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

What is the smallest number of coins needed to make up 12 dollars and 83 cents?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

When intergalactic Wag Worms are born they look just like a cube. Each year they grow another cube in any direction. Find all the shapes that five-year-old Wag Worms can be.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?