This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Put 10 counters in a row. Find a way to arrange the counters into five pairs, evenly spaced in a row, in just 5 moves, using the rules.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

How many trapeziums, of various sizes, are hidden in this picture?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Place eight dots on this diagram, so that there are only two dots on each straight line and only two dots on each circle.

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

Use the numbers and symbols to make this number sentence correct. How many different ways can you find?

Can you use this information to work out Charlie's house number?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

In the planet system of Octa the planets are arranged in the shape of an octahedron. How many different routes could be taken to get from Planet A to Planet Zargon?

Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?