Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?

Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?

What is the smallest number of jumps needed before the white rabbits and the grey rabbits can continue along their path?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you create jigsaw pieces which are based on a square shape, with at least one peg and one hole?

Can you find out in which order the children are standing in this line?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

My coat has three buttons. How many ways can you find to do up all the buttons?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.

Six friends sat around a circular table. Can you work out from the information who sat where and what their profession were?

Lorenzie was packing his bag for a school trip. He packed four shirts and three pairs of pants. "I will be able to have a different outfit each day", he said. How many days will Lorenzie be away?

This challenge is to design different step arrangements, which must go along a distance of 6 on the steps and must end up at 6 high.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Kate has eight multilink cubes. She has two red ones, two yellow, two green and two blue. She wants to fit them together to make a cube so that each colour shows on each face just once.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?