Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.
In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?
How many different triangles can you draw on the dotty grid which each have one dot in the middle?
How many triangles can you make using sticks that are 3cm, 4cm and 5cm long?
Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.
Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?
Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?
Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?
Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?
This problem focuses on Dienes' Logiblocs. What is the same and what is different about these pairs of shapes? Can you describe the shapes in the picture?
Can you find all the different triangles on these peg boards, and find their angles?
10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?
If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?
Vincent and Tara are making triangles with the class construction set. They have a pile of strips of different lengths. How many different triangles can they make?
Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?
This article for teachers suggests activities based on pegboards, from pattern generation to finding all possible triangles, for example.
A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?
Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?
Use the interactivity to help get a feel for this problem and to find out all the possible ways the balls could land.
How many different ways can you find to join three equilateral triangles together? Can you convince us that you have found them all?
You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?
What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?
Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?
In this town, houses are built with one room for each person. There are some families of seven people living in the town. In how many different ways can they build their houses?
What happens when you try and fit the triomino pieces into these two grids?
How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.
An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?
Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .
Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.
Find all the different shapes that can be made by joining five equilateral triangles edge to edge.
A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.
Sitting around a table are three girls and three boys. Use the clues to work out were each person is sitting.
Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?
Have a go at this well-known challenge. Can you swap the frogs and toads in as few slides and jumps as possible?
The Zargoes use almost the same alphabet as English. What does this birthday message say?
How long does it take to brush your teeth? Can you find the matching length of time?
How many triangles can you make on the 3 by 3 pegboard?
In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?
The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?
Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.
Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?
El Crico the cricket has to cross a square patio to get home. He can jump the length of one tile, two tiles and three tiles. Can you find a path that would get El Crico home in three jumps?
Start with three pairs of socks. Now mix them up so that no mismatched pair is the same as another mismatched pair. Is there more than one way to do it?
Number problems for lower primary that will get you thinking.