Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.
These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.
The brown frog and green frog want to swap places without getting wet. They can hop onto a lily pad next to them, or hop over each other. How could they do it?
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.
You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?
Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?
Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?
Chandra, Jane, Terry and Harry ordered their lunches from the sandwich shop. Use the information below to find out who ordered each sandwich.
Can you find out in which order the children are standing in this line?
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.
Number problems for lower primary that will get you thinking.
These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.
Use the clues to colour each square.
Moira is late for school. What is the shortest route she can take from the school gates to the entrance?
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Nina must cook some pasta for 15 minutes but she only has a 7-minute sand-timer and an 11-minute sand-timer. How can she use these timers to measure exactly 15 minutes?
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
A merchant brings four bars of gold to a jeweller. How can the jeweller use the scales just twice to identify the lighter, fake bar?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
How many trains can you make which are the same length as Matt's and Katie's, using rods that are identical?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.
Can you work out how to balance this equaliser? You can put more than one weight on a hook.
The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?
Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.
Use the clues to find out who's who in the family, to fill in the family tree and to find out which of the family members are mathematicians and which are not.
Can you rearrange the biscuits on the plates so that the three biscuits on each plate are all different and there is no plate with two biscuits the same as two biscuits on another plate?
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.
Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.
Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?
Can you put the numbers from 1 to 15 on the circles so that no consecutive numbers lie anywhere along a continuous straight line?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?
These are the faces of Will, Lil, Bill, Phil and Jill. Use the clues to work out which name goes with each face.