This article for teachers suggests activities based on pegboards, from pattern generation to finding all possible triangles, for example.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

If you split the square into these two pieces, it is possible to fit the pieces together again to make a new shape. How many new shapes can you make?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

Vincent and Tara are making triangles with the class construction set. They have a pile of strips of different lengths. How many different triangles can they make?

How many different ways can you find to join three equilateral triangles together? Can you convince us that you have found them all?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

What is the greatest number of counters you can place on the grid below without four of them lying at the corners of a square?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

This problem focuses on Dienes' Logiblocs. What is the same and what is different about these pairs of shapes? Can you describe the shapes in the picture?

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

In this town, houses are built with one room for each person. There are some families of seven people living in the town. In how many different ways can they build their houses?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

How many different triangles can you draw on the dotty grid which each have one dot in the middle?

How many triangles can you make using sticks that are 3cm, 4cm and 5cm long?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

How can you arrange the 5 cubes so that you need the smallest number of Brush Loads of paint to cover them? Try with other numbers of cubes as well.

Can you find out in which order the children are standing in this line?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Number problems for lower primary that will get you thinking.

Can you see who the gold medal winner is? What about the silver medal winner and the bronze medal winner?

What happens when you try and fit the triomino pieces into these two grids?

Lorenzie was packing his bag for a school trip. He packed four shirts and three pairs of pants. "I will be able to have a different outfit each day", he said. How many days will Lorenzie be away?

Use the clues to work out which cities Mohamed, Sheng, Tanya and Bharat live in.

Here are four cubes joined together. How many other arrangements of four cubes can you find? Can you draw them on dotty paper?

How many trapeziums, of various sizes, are hidden in this picture?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps to have an ordered approach.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

If you had 36 cubes, what different cuboids could you make?

Arrange 9 red cubes, 9 blue cubes and 9 yellow cubes into a large 3 by 3 cube. No row or column of cubes must contain two cubes of the same colour.

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

Find all the different shapes that can be made by joining five equilateral triangles edge to edge.

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so working in a systematic way will ensure none are left out.

Chandra, Jane, Terry and Harry ordered their lunches from the sandwich shop. Use the information below to find out who ordered each sandwich.

These activities focus on finding all possible solutions so if you work in a systematic way, you won't leave any out.

My briefcase has a three-number combination lock, but I have forgotten the combination. I remember that there's a 3, a 5 and an 8. How many possible combinations are there to try?

Seven friends went to a fun fair with lots of scary rides. They decided to pair up for rides until each friend had ridden once with each of the others. What was the total number rides?

Can you find all the different triangles on these peg boards, and find their angles?

These activities lend themselves to systematic working in the sense that it helps if you have an ordered approach.