P is a point on the circumference of a circle radius r which rolls, without slipping, inside a circle of radius 2r. What is the locus of P?

These are pictures of the sea defences at New Brighton. Can you work out what a basic shape might be in both images of the sea wall and work out a way they might fit together?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Slide the pieces to move Khun Phaen past all the guards into the position on the right from which he can escape to freedom.

Place a red counter in the top left corner of a 4x4 array, which is covered by 14 other smaller counters, leaving a gap in the bottom right hand corner (HOME). What is the smallest number of moves. . . .

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Imagine a stack of numbered cards with one on top. Discard the top, put the next card to the bottom and repeat continuously. Can you predict the last card?

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

This is a simple version of an ancient game played all over the world. It is also called Mancala. What tactics will increase your chances of winning?

The triangle ABC is equilateral. The arc AB has centre C, the arc BC has centre A and the arc CA has centre B. Explain how and why this shape can roll along between two parallel tracks.

Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Imagine you are suspending a cube from one vertex and allowing it to hang freely. What shape does the surface of the water make around the cube?

Show that all pentagonal numbers are one third of a triangular number.

Can you find a rule which connects consecutive triangular numbers?

Explore the area of families of parallelograms and triangles. Can you find rules to work out the areas?

An ancient game for two from Egypt. You'll need twelve distinctive 'stones' each to play. You could chalk out the board on the ground - do ask permission first.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Start with a large square, join the midpoints of its sides, you'll see four right angled triangles. Remove these triangles, a second square is left. Repeat the operation. What happens?

A game for 2 people. Take turns joining two dots, until your opponent is unable to move.

A rectangular field has two posts with a ring on top of each post. There are two quarrelsome goats and plenty of ropes which you can tie to their collars. How can you secure them so they can't. . . .

Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?

Can you mark 4 points on a flat surface so that there are only two different distances between them?

Find the point whose sum of distances from the vertices (corners) of a given triangle is a minimum.

Mathematics is the study of patterns. Studying pattern is an opportunity to observe, hypothesise, experiment, discover and create.

These points all mark the vertices (corners) of ten hidden squares. Can you find the 10 hidden squares?

In how many ways can you fit all three pieces together to make shapes with line symmetry?

Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

An irregular tetrahedron is composed of four different triangles. Can such a tetrahedron be constructed where the side lengths are 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 units of length?

Can you use small coloured cubes to make a 3 by 3 by 3 cube so that each face of the bigger cube contains one of each colour?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

There are 27 small cubes in a 3 x 3 x 3 cube, 54 faces being visible at any one time. Is it possible to reorganise these cubes so that by dipping the large cube into a pot of paint three times you. . . .

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

This problem is about investigating whether it is possible to start at one vertex of a platonic solid and visit every other vertex once only returning to the vertex you started at.

The whole set of tiles is used to make a square. This has a green and blue border. There are no green or blue tiles anywhere in the square except on this border. How many tiles are there in the set?

Lyndon Baker describes how the Mobius strip and Euler's law can introduce pupils to the idea of topology.

A square of area 3 square units cannot be drawn on a 2D grid so that each of its vertices have integer coordinates, but can it be drawn on a 3D grid? Investigate squares that can be drawn.

A right-angled isosceles triangle is rotated about the centre point of a square. What can you say about the area of the part of the square covered by the triangle as it rotates?

Some treasure has been hidden in a three-dimensional grid! Can you work out a strategy to find it as efficiently as possible?

This is the first article in a series which aim to provide some insight into the way spatial thinking develops in children, and draw on a range of reported research. The focus of this article is the. . . .

Can you find a cuboid that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Show that among the interior angles of a convex polygon there cannot be more than three acute angles.

A huge wheel is rolling past your window. What do you see?

Can you recreate these designs? What are the basic units? What movement is required between each unit? Some elegant use of procedures will help - variables not essential.

I found these clocks in the Arts Centre at the University of Warwick intriguing - do they really need four clocks and what times would be ambiguous with only two or three of them?

In the game of Noughts and Crosses there are 8 distinct winning lines. How many distinct winning lines are there in a game played on a 3 by 3 by 3 board, with 27 cells?

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

A cylindrical helix is just a spiral on a cylinder, like an ordinary spring or the thread on a bolt. If I turn a left-handed helix over (top to bottom) does it become a right handed helix?