In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?

Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.

Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?

How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?

You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?

Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?

A tetromino is made up of four squares joined edge to edge. Can this tetromino, together with 15 copies of itself, be used to cover an eight by eight chessboard?

10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?

A game for 1 or 2 people. Use the interactive version, or play with friends. Try to round up as many counters as possible.

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

What happens when you turn these cogs? Investigate the differences between turning two cogs of different sizes and two cogs which are the same.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

An activity centred around observations of dots and how we visualise number arrangement patterns.

A game for 1 person. Can you work out how the dice must be rolled from the start position to the finish? Play on line.

What is the greatest number of squares you can make by overlapping three squares?

This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.

In how many ways can you fit two of these yellow triangles together? Can you predict the number of ways two blue triangles can be fitted together?

How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

A dog is looking for a good place to bury his bone. Can you work out where he started and ended in each case? What possible routes could he have taken?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Can you find ways of joining cubes together so that 28 faces are visible?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?

Seeing Squares game for an adult and child. Can you come up with a way of always winning this game?

Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?

Can you predict when you'll be clapping and when you'll be clicking if you start this rhythm? How about when a friend begins a new rhythm at the same time?

How many DIFFERENT quadrilaterals can be made by joining the dots on the 8-point circle?

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Have a look at these photos of different fruit. How many do you see? How did you count?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

How many ways can you write the word EUROMATHS by starting at the top left hand corner and taking the next letter by stepping one step down or one step to the right in a 5x5 array?

This article for teachers describes a project which explores the power of storytelling to convey concepts and ideas to children.

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Reasoning about the number of matches needed to build squares that share their sides.

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

Can you work out what is wrong with the cogs on a UK 2 pound coin?