In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?
The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.
Triangular numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remove them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?
You have 4 red and 5 blue counters. How many ways can they be placed on a 3 by 3 grid so that all the rows columns and diagonals have an even number of red counters?
Can you work out how many cubes were used to make this open box? What size of open box could you make if you had 112 cubes?
How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?
Design an arrangement of display boards in the school hall which fits the requirements of different people.
This 100 square jigsaw is written in code. It starts with 1 and ends with 100. Can you build it up?
How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?
This article introduces the idea of generic proof for younger children and illustrates how one example can offer a proof of a general result through unpacking its underlying structure.
Can you shunt the trucks so that the Cattle truck and the Sheep truck change places and the Engine is back on the main line?
What is the best way to shunt these carriages so that each train can continue its journey?
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Watch this animation. What do you see? Can you explain why this happens?
A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
A game for 1 or 2 people. Use the interactive version, or play with friends. Try to round up as many counters as possible.
Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?
How will you go about finding all the jigsaw pieces that have one peg and one hole?
Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?
Seeing Squares game for an adult and child. Can you come up with a way of always winning this game?
An extension of noughts and crosses in which the grid is enlarged and the length of the winning line can to altered to 3, 4 or 5.
How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?
A game for 1 person. Can you work out how the dice must be rolled from the start position to the finish? Play on line.
Swap the stars with the moons, using only knights' moves (as on a chess board). What is the smallest number of moves possible?
Can you discover whether this is a fair game?
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
10 space travellers are waiting to board their spaceships. There are two rows of seats in the waiting room. Using the rules, where are they all sitting? Can you find all the possible ways?
Imagine you have an unlimited number of four types of triangle. How many different tetrahedra can you make?
The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.
A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .
How many different triangles can you make on a circular pegboard that has nine pegs?
Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?
Have a look at these photos of different fruit. How many do you see? How did you count?
Have a go at this 3D extension to the Pebbles problem.
Players take it in turns to choose a dot on the grid. The winner is the first to have four dots that can be joined to form a square.
Take a rectangle of paper and fold it in half, and half again, to make four smaller rectangles. How many different ways can you fold it up?
Cut four triangles from a square as shown in the picture. How many different shapes can you make by fitting the four triangles back together?
This challenge involves eight three-cube models made from interlocking cubes. Investigate different ways of putting the models together then compare your constructions.
Can you find a cuboid that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
How many ways can you write the word EUROMATHS by starting at the top left hand corner and taking the next letter by stepping one step down or one step to the right in a 5x5 array?
A game for 2 players. Given a board of dots in a grid pattern, players take turns drawing a line by connecting 2 adjacent dots. Your goal is to complete more squares than your opponent.
A game for two players on a large squared space.
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?
An activity centred around observations of dots and how we visualise number arrangement patterns.
Can you find a way of counting the spheres in these arrangements?